Pregnancy causes many physical changes to a woman’s body. The centre of gravity shifts, the organs are under additional strain, and the weight increases. This combination causes back discomfort, pelvic pain, and urine incontinence. The body changes dramatically throughout pregnancy, even before the baby grows. Muscles, ligaments, and soft tissues become more flexible and elastic to allow the pelvis to extend to accommodate the baby. Hormonal changes cause all of these changes, which are vital. In order for the body to prepare for birth and allow the baby to develop in the stomach for the next nine months, they must occur.
Pregnancy causes back pain, pelvic discomfort, and urine incontinence in over 40% of women, half of whom still have it 8 weeks later, and a third of whom get it again after childbirth. Post-natal physiotherapy program in Malaysia have been shown to reduce lower back pain, pelvic discomfort, and urine incontinence in pregnant women. Some women have absolutely no symptoms throughout pregnancy. However, over 20% of pregnant women experience pelvic girdle and lower back discomfort, and approximately 7% of women continue to experience pain after delivery. Incontinence is a frequent symptom of pregnancy that may be addressed and prevented. Untreated, they might worsen over time.
Why Do Some Women Have This Problem While Pregnant?
If you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant, you should not be concerned about these symptoms. We know that there are risk factors that predispose women to these issues. Women with a history of lower back pain, pelvic girdle discomfort, or pelvic floor dysfunction are more prone to pelvic girdle and lower back pain during pregnancy and after delivery.
Obesity, pregnancy, and delivery (vaginal or c-section) seem to be related with urine incontinence. Women’s chances of having pelvic organ prolapse include age, number of births, family history, pelvic floor muscular weakness, obesity, hard lifting, constipation, and straining.
What Can Women Do To Avoid This?
Consider pregnancy and post-partum like a marathon or other sporting event in which the pregnant lady is an athlete. Like any other athlete, we would prepare ourselves before the tournament to ensure we were fit and ready to perform at our best without harm. An effective post-partum recovery depends on preparing the muscles of the lower back, abdominal region, and pelvic floor before the pregnancy.
Physiotherapy During And After Pregnancy
A physiotherapist can appropriately examine, treat, and educate pregnant women on safe and effective exercises to reduce back pain, pelvic discomfort, and urine incontinence throughout pregnancy and post-partum. Women would benefit from greater prenatal fitness, leading to a healthier pregnancy and delivery. Unified health care is an effective programme that shares thorough evaluation findings with participants’ main health care physicians. Seeing a physiotherapist who specializes in pregnancy and post-partum is critical to preventing and treating these difficulties.
Your First Visit Expectations
A physiotherapist will ask you about your symptoms and medical history during your initial appointment. You may be guaranteed that whatever you say to the physiotherapist is private. Then a physical exam. Depending on the condition, the evaluation may involve posture and function, muscular tone, flexibility, and strength.