The ship is a vehicle for transporting passengers and goods at a seat. Boats are usually large enough to carry small boats. Several types of ships can be used.
- Functional Ship
Functional Vessels can be used to perform specific tasks such as drilling, towing, propelling other ships, and so on. So it is not wrong if this type of ship is called a functional ship where these ships have various functions, for example:
- Fire Ship
Fire boats or commonly called Fireboats, are equipped with tools designed to extinguish fire ships and coastal fires. It consists of a pump and nozzle designed to extinguish the fire. The water supply of this fire brigade is unlimited as it effectively pumps directly from under the hull.
- Crane Ship
Ships that have the function of lifting heavy loads are usually called cranes or floating cranes. The ship, which is capable of lifting loads of up to hundreds of tons, is used to assist in the construction of offshore projects.
- Passenger ship
Passenger ships are the oldest type of ships that carry passengers in large numbers. Passenger ships include ferries, cruise ships, and ocean ships. The following are passenger ships:
A ferry is a transportation ship that connects nearby ports. Ferries must meet the requirements of sailing at sea and be used to carry out permanent transportation. Ferries can cost passengers less than bridges or tunnels to make the transit.
- Cruise Ship
The primary purpose of cruise ships used by passengers is tourism and recreation. Usually, passengers board a cruise ship to enjoy the days spent on board with all the complete lodging facilities and equipment like a star hotel.
In the world of the shipping business, there are terms owned and leased ships, where owned ships are ships owned by a company on behalf of the company and can be operated in accordance with the company’s objectives. While the charter or the Charter Party, abbreviated as C/P, is an agreement between both parties, namely the ship owner (Ship Owner) and the party renting the ship (Charterer). There are several types of charters in this shipping sector, which include: Ship Chartering Malaysia.
- Bareboat Charter or Demise Charter (Submission of Ownership)
Bareboat Charter is a boat rental without a captain and crew (ABK). So the charter must complete the captain and crew themselves, even though the ship is still in a seaworthy condition (Sea Worthy)
- Time Charter
In this time charter, the ship owner gives freedom to the Charterer to use his ship and sail for a certain period of time that has been agreed upon in the C/P. For example, for six months, one year, two years, and sometimes up to ten years. In this type of charter, the captain and crew are provided by the ship owner, and all costs for the captain and crew, repairs (floating repair), lubricating oil, ship survey, and insurance are borne by the ship owner.
- Trip Time Charter
If the ship is chartered for one or more voyages, but the charter fee is based on time, then this type of charter is called a Trip Time Charter. In addition, the charter can be a Carrier for third-party goods and can also lease the vessel it rents to a third party (Recharter/Sublet Charter), either on a Time Charter or a Voyage Charter.